"The new JPSS satellite will join GOES-16 as we are confronting one of the most tragic hurricane seasons in the past decade", said Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross.
The new satellite will also deliver critical observations during severe weather events like hurricanes, tornadoes and blizzards and is created to help improve forecasts three-to-seven days ahead of a severe weather event. Sensors aboard the spacecraft will collect measurements of air, ocean, and ground conditions, as well as fire locations, temperatures and water vapor throughout the atmosphere. Forecasters will be able to use the data to better predict weather events and hazards, such as a hurricane's track, and when a hurricane will intensify or weaken, as well as identifying power outages in addition to locating and evaluating damage following a storm.
The Joint Polar Satellite System-1, or JPSS-1, spacecraft is checked out on October 8, 2015, at Ball Aerospace in Boulder, Colorado.
In its orbit, the satellite will pass over the equator about 14 times per day, and cover the globe twice every 24 hours. Once it's operational, it will be renamed NOAA-20.
For years, policy makers and scientists anxious about a looming polar-orbiting satellite gap that could come once one satellite blinked out from old age, prior to the next one launching. "JPSS will continue this trend", he added.
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The CrIS instrument is the first in a series of newly advanced sounders that will make more detailed, accurate records of atmospheric temperature and moisture levels, which should allow for superior weather forecasting models. The mission is a joint effort between NOAA and NASA.
The Delta II rocket's window to launch JPSS-1 into the correct orbit was just over a minute long. "We are proud to contribute to NOAA's continued leadership in critical weather forecasting throughout the entire JPSS series".
Ball also built one of the five instruments on the spacecraft, the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite.
The ATMS is the next generation of cross-track sounders that will provide a wealth of data and global observational information of the Earth's surface and atmosphere using microwaves. Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems built the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder and the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System instrument. The next launch attempt will be on Wednesday (Nov. 15) at 4:47 a.m. EST.