During Trump's visit to Japan last week, he agreed with Abe to ramp up maximum pressure on North Korea to compel it to end its weapons programs. It is rare for a Japanese prime minister to meet in such quick succession with the top two Chinese leaders.
Abe's unprecedented meeting with both Xi and Li in such a short period of time is a sign of improving relations.
Japan's Press Secretary, Norio Mayurama, in a press briefing following the summit, repeatedly emphasized that disputes in the South China Sea (West Philippine Sea) was an issue of the "rule of law".
During the bilateral meeting, the Philippines and Japan also signed and exchanged notes for the financing for the bypass road construction project for Plaridel City, Bulacan and the grant on countering terrorism in Mindanao and rebuilding the war-torn Marawi City. Li started by referring to Abe's recent meeting with Xi, which the prime minister described as representing a fresh start in bilateral ties.
Both Japan and China have poured money and attention in recent years into the strategically important Mekong region, which includes less economically developed members of ASEAN.
During the meeting of two leaders in Japan in October, Abe said during the meeting that Japan will provide coastal surveillance radars to ensure effectiveness of Japan-made patrol vessels the Philippines ordered for PCG.
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They also held a meeting with respective Ministries and stakeholders to discuss ways of improving the Coffee trade with Sudan. Currently, Sudan consumes 20% of Uganda's coffee exports.
Then, just days later while in China he appeared to seek a diplomatic situation to the North Korea problem, calling on President Xi Jinping to help reign in his out of control neighbour.
"We can not deny the existence of a few sensitive factors", he said.
Another focus of the meeting between the three leaders according to Mr Trump was North Korea.
He urged the Japanese side to take more practical actions and adopt more specific policies to reflect the strategic consensus reached by the two countries, which reaffirms that China and Japan are cooperation partners, not threat to each other, reports Xinhua news agency.
Speaking at the ASEAN-Japan Summit, Abe reiterated his call for the global community to increase pressure on the hermit state- a move Japan hopes will make it seek dialogue and lay down arms.