Five of the six-member monetary policy committee voted for the move, which was predicted by 42 of 48 economists in a Bloomberg survey with the rest seeing a cut to 5.75 percent.
The government and business leaders, however, have been pushing RBI to lower rates to provide an impetus to private investment and boost broader economic growth that has shown signs of revival.
The Reserve Bank of India refused to bite the bullet and kept the key lending rate at a seven-year low of 6 per cent on Wednesday.
The RBI said that "two of the key factors determining the cost of living conditions and inflation expectations - food and fuel inflation - edged up in November". That's still low by Indian standards, but not far from the central bank's 4 percent target.
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He was responding to BJP chief Amit Shah's attack on the Congress and its leader Rahul Gandhi over Mr Sibal's comments. All parties have challenged that verdict in court.
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Drinking the mold in the water could affect infants who have HIV or other health conditions that cause a weakened immune system . Purified water sold at Kroger stores across the country, including IN , are also being recalled over mold concerns.
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It comes after an Amber Alert was issued when their mother, Micha Soble, said her four children had disappeared on 13 September. The two other girls, Dinah and Shaffer's other biological daughter, were found in an abandoned single wide mobile home.
Another source of RBI discomfort is that core inflation, which excludes food and energy prices, has remained stubbornly high at around 4.5 percent.
Since the last policy in early October, inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index has accelerated, inching closer to the 4% mark, which is the central bank's medium-term target. "The recent rise in worldwide crude oil prices may sustain, especially on account of the OPECs decision to maintain production cuts through next year", RBI said.
That has sparked renewed calls from some government officials for the RBI, which has cut the repo rate by 200 bps since January 2015, to trim again.
"The recovery is a source of comfort to the RBI as it lowers pressure on them to take a growth-supportive stance", said Radhika Rao, an economist at DBS in Singapore.
"It's too early to predict beyond the February policy meet, we'll have to see how things shape up".