As of yesterday, Iceland is now the first country in the world to enforce equal pay laws between men and women.
The country passed a bill previous year which requires firms employing 24 people or more to prove they offer equal pay to their employees. "Companies failing to comply with this law will face fines".
As the Icelandic Women's Rights Association notes, equal pay for equal work has been mandated by Icelandic laws since 1961.
In Scotland, the gender pay gap in 2017 was 6.6 per cent - an increase of 0.3 per cent on the previous year's data.
Iceland has consistently been ranked one of the world's top countries for gender equality.
Iceland becomes the first country to enact an equal pay mandate, but it's a move that has been progressing there for some time. Even so, women in Iceland earn on average 14% to 18% less than men. Based on the current pace, IWPR projects that women in the USA won't reach pay equality until 2059.
In the US, women have nearly non-existent protections when it comes to equal pay.
"The legislation is basically a mechanism that companies and organizations ..."
The legislation was backed by both political parties in the country's parliament, where women make up 50 percent of its lawmakers.
Actress and gender equality campaigner Patricia Arquette tweeted: "Yoo Hoo!" "Equal representation benefits everyone!"
Motherhood leads many women to cut back on their hours working outside the home and to gravitate toward lower-paying jobs with less demanding work schedules, according to an October 2017 story in The Economist.
"While there are a lot of different factors that create our current high level of occupational segregation, including outright discrimination and the gender-typing of jobs, it is this occupational segregation that accounts for the majority of the gender wage gap", Childers said.
"Ample evidence shows that women work as much as men and are still paid less", she added.
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