India to Land Chandrayaan-2 on Moon in April

Chandrayaan-1 mission was an orbiter and it was launched in 2008

Chandrayaan-1 mission was an orbiter and it was launched in 2008

Chandrayaan-2, India's second mission to the moon, is likely to be launched around April 2018.

Chandrayaan-2, India's second lunar mission, is an indigenous project that will carry an orbiter, a lander, and a rover to the moon. Once the spacecraft reaches the distance of 100 km over the lunar surface, the lander along with the rover will detach from the Orbiter. After a controlled fall, the Lander will soft land on the lunar surface at a particularised site and dispose of the Rover.

The six-wheeled rover will move around the landing site near one of the lunar poles in semi-automatic mode. After analyzing it, the data will be sent back to Earth using radio waves which will help the scientists analyze and conclude about the various aspects of the acquired data and samples.

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The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft, which weighs three tonnes, is being finalised at ISRO's satellite centre in Bengaluru and will be hoisted into space from Sriharikota using the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle MK II or GSLV MK II. The payloads will collect scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice. After successfully launching the mission, India will achieve a new height in space technology.

This unmanned mission, Dr Singh says, packs in "more power than the Apollo missions by NASA".

Space technology is being utilised by various ministries and departments, including in the Smart City Mission, preparation of utilisation certificates in ministry of DoNER etc, he added. The cost of the mission is estimated around 800 crore rupees. He dismissed all the uncertainties about the mission and said even if the weather will not be suitable for launch in April, we have discussed the launching dates on which rocket can be launched till October this year. He praised the Indian space agency for its achievements in last 4 years. According to ISRO, the data received from the rover will provide a better understanding of the surface of the moon as well as it will encourage next generation of the people in the field of planetary research and other long-term benefits.

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