Israel said it was defending the frontier against crowds that threw stones and burned tyres in an attempt to cross.
After Muslim prayers at noon Friday, thousands of Gaza residents streamed toward five protest tent camps that were erected more than two months ago, each several hundred meters (yards) from the fence.
Reports identified a 15-year old shot dead as Haitham al-Jamal.
French news agency Agence France Press said one of its photographers, Mohammed Abed al-Baba, was wounded at a mass rally after Israeli forces opened fire.
Israel's deadly tactics in confronting the protests have drawn global condemnation.
Palestinian Islamist party Hamas aided the calls for a protest.
Palestinian U.N. Ambassador Riyad Mansour and Arab and Islamic representatives met Friday with Assembly President Miroslav Lajcak to officially request a meeting to vote on a non-binding resolution.
Palestinian UN Ambassador Riad Mansur said that Kuwait's resolution draft was "completely balanced" and stated that his draft will be nearly entirely identical.
The move follows the US veto of a Kuwait-sponsored resolution on June 1 asking Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to report on ways to protect Palestinian civilians including an "international protection mechanism".
Apple announces iOS 12 with app updates and performance improvements
Other new features include parental controls to limit the time children spend in apps, as well as which apps they can use. The "Downtime" panel will also let consumers block off time where phone calls and only certain apps will be accessible.
Soldier killed, four wounded in Somalia operation
The U.S. troops were there to provide advice, assistance and aerial surveillance, the statement explained. Al-Shabab has been blamed for the October truck bombing in Mogadishu that killed more than 500 people.
Origin Access Premier subscription tier announced
It all sounds very similar to Microsoft's Xbox Game Pass , which offers access to many of that consoles' titles for $9.99/month. New subscribers who aren't now a member of an Origin Access plan will be able to get a seven day trial.
Iran celebrated its yearly "Day of Protests" against Israel Friday; burning Israeli flags, trashing posters of Prime Minister Netanyahu, and slamming the United States over its decision to relocate the American embassy to Jerusalem.
Organizers in Gaza said that the protests will continue in the coming days and weeks.
Although the stadium that was slated to host the match is in west Jerusalem, Rajoub had complained that it is situated in a neighbourhood built on the site of a former Palestinian village destroyed during the war surrounding Israel's creation in 1948.
Argentina star Lionel Messi is quoted as refusing to play against "people who kill innocent Palestinian children" following the cancellation of a friendly match between Argentina and Israel. The marchers have also pressed demands for a "right of return" for descendants of Palestinian refugees to ancestral homes in what is now Israel.
Around 2 million people live in Gaza, majority the stateless descendants of refugees from what is now Israel. Israel and Hamas, which seeks Israel's destruction, have fought three cross-border wars since 2008.
Tel Aviv denies any excessive use of force, saying that the riots are violent and pose a threat to the security of Israel, and it is acting in self-defense.
"We are not asking for the moon", said Amer Abu Khalaf, a 20-year-old business administration student who took part in Friday's protest.
Two million Palestinians have sunk into poverty as Israel and Egypt, citing security needs, clamped down on Gaza's borders.
Emmanuel Nahshon, spokesman for Israel's Foreign Ministry, took to Twitter to condemn the Hamas "terrorists".