When play resumed, seamer Chris Woakes, brought in to replace Ben Stokes, who is at a court hearing in Bristol, got the prize wicket of India skipper Virat Kohli for 23 leaving the tourists, who trail 1-0 in the series, at 49 for four.
LONDON: Jonny Bairstow and Chris Woakes scored the first fifties of the match as England recovered to build a significant first-innings lead in the second Test against India at Lord's on Saturday after yet another top-order collapse.
Anderson, who has 544 Test wickets, will have his eyes on equaling Ian Botham's record of 27 five-wicket hauls in the longest format.
Kohli, who was looking all at sea against Woakes, finally fell to the right-armer in his third over, with Jos Buttler making no mistake this time at second slip.
AFTERNOON SESSION - England 230-5 (India 107): India needed a quick start after the lunch break in a bid to prevent England's first-inning lead from being too large.
Anderson finished with five for 20, but he hailed the contribution of Chris Woakes, who took two wickets including the key...
Frank Lampard would have been proud of Tom Lawrence's attractive free-kick
From the opening exchanges, it was clear that this game was always going to one that had goals in it. Roofe slammed the ball high past Carson to register his second of the game.
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An nearly obligatory slightly sticky spell in the 90s aside, it was a near-chanceless innings -Woakes missed just 3.8% of his deliveries, the least of any batsman in this series - but equally never shied away from playing his shots, ending the day, by CricViz calculations, having played 31% attacking shots - the most he's ever played in a Test innings of 15 or more balls.
"I would be so disappointed if I had messed up today because they were ideal conditions to bowl in. For me I find it so much fun when it is like that", said Anderson.
Indeed no batsman had made more than 29 and the overall batting average in the game stood at 14.93 - the lowest for a Test in England since 1958.
"If we bowl like that today, with those conditions, we'd bowl most teams in the world out", he said. "When you build pressure all day no matter who you are it is hard", he said. While left-arm spinner Kuldeep Yadav and Ravichandran Ashwin may play a key role to trap Englishmen.
The exit of England " s all-time leading Test run-scorer meant 20-year-old debutant batsman Ollie Pope walked out with the hosts in trouble at 32 for two off 8.2 overs.