The jobless total fell by 3,000 to 118,000 among Scots aged over 16, while the number of people in work north of the border is also on the rise.
LONDON - The rate of unemployment in the United Kingdom fell to just 4% between April and June this year - the lowest level since comparable records began in the early 1970s - according to the latest data from the Office for National Statistics, published on Tuesday morning.
The drop came despite a smaller-than-expected number of jobs created over the three-month period of 42,000.
Dr Stuart McIntyre, of the Fraser of Allander Institute, an economic think-tank based at Strathclyde University, said Scotland and the United Kingdom were experiencing "historically low levels of unemployment and high levels of employment".
Despite some positive elements, the figures painted a largely familiar picture of a tight labour market - including a record number of job vacancies - failing to translate into strong wage growth.
The fall in unemployment (to four per cent from April to June) was unexpected for economists who predicted it would remain at 4.2 per cent.
Tuesday's data showed productivity grew at its fastest annual rate since late 2016 and the number of people whose main job was an insecure zero-hours contract fell by the most since 2000, the Office for National Statistics said.
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There were 2.64 million Scots with a job bertween April and June, a rise of 12,000 over the previous period.
Average weekly earnings, excluding bonuses, rose by 2.7%, the ONS said, unchanged on the month before. Pay growth excluding bonuses was up 2.7%, the slowest rate since January.
Unemployment has fallen to a 40-year low as the number of European Union nationals working in the United Kingdom drops.
It continues a trend seen since the 2016 Brexit vote.
The number of workers employed on often-precarious zero-hours contracts fell to 780,000, or 2.4 percent of the workforce, the lowest since 2015.
'The growth in employment is still being driven by United Kingdom nationals, with a noticeable drop over the past ym the so-called A8 eastern European countries in particular'.