Nobel for Helping the Immune System Fight Cancer

Nobel for Helping the Immune System Fight Cancer

Nobel for Helping the Immune System Fight Cancer

The Nobel committee on Monday announced that the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to a US-Japanese pair for their landmark work in cancer research. "Therapies based on his discovery proved to be strikingly effective in the fight against cancer", the prize committee said of his discovery. He performed his prize-winning studies at the University of California Berkeley and at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in NY.

Allison, professor at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, studied a protein that functions as a brake on the immune system and realized the potential for unleashing immune cells to attack tumors if the brake could be released.

Honjo has separately discovered a second protein on immune cells.

"Allison's and Honjo's discoveries have added a new pillar in cancer therapy".

However, "immune checkpoint therapy" as it is known has since revolutionised the battle against the disease, and has fundamentally changed the way we view how cancer can be managed. The discovery led to effective treatments. Honjo, 76, is a distinguished professor at the Kyoto University Institute for Advanced Study and a professor in the department of immunology and genomic medicine at Kyoto University in Japan.

The new iPhone line suffers from a big drawback
But there are also certain cases where users can not unlock their phones when the Lightning cable is being plugged in. With a $ 250 cheaper , the iPhone XR doesn't have all of the genes of its siblings - iPhone XS or iPhone XS Max .

Cristiano Ronaldo denies allegations of 2009 rape in Las Vegas
Later, Ronaldo allegedly paid her £287,000 as an out-of-court settlement which contracted her to never speak about her claims. Lawyers for Mr Ronaldo said in a statement that the allegations were "blatantly illegal".

Macedonia referendum approves name change, but turnout low
Greece also expelled Slavic-speaking Macedonians from its territory after World War II. With the discovery of oil reserves in 1968, ownership is now once again an issue.

Allison and Tasuku Honjo have jointly been awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine or physiology.

Other cancer treatments have previously been awarded Nobel prizes, including methods for hormone treatment for prostate cancer in 1966, chemotherapy in 1988 and bone marrow transplantation for leukaemia in 1990.

They will receive their prize from King Carl XVI Gustaf at a formal ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of the 1896 death of Alfred Nobel who created the prizes in his last will and testament. No literature prize is being given this year.

As well as enjoying science's highest honour, the two winners will share the prize of almost €900,000.

Latest News