WHO Report Finds Large Gap In Global Antibiotic Use

The World Health Organisation warned that antibiotics consumption is dangerously high in some countries driving the emergence of deadly superbug infections while other countries may not have sufficient access to these life-saving medicines

WHO Report Finds Large Gap In Global Antibiotic Use

Mongolia's Health Ministry on Tuesday urged Mongolians to properly use antibiotics following concerns of overuse in the country.

Reliable data on antibiotic consumption is essential to help countries to raise awareness of appropriate antimicrobial use, to inform policy and regulatory changes to optimize use, to identify areas for improvement and monitor the impact of interventions, and to improve the procurement and supply of medicines.

Anti-microbial resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer affected by the antibiotics they were previously susceptible to or when micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses and some parasites stop the antimicrobials from working against them.

"These differences indicate that some countries probably consume too many antibiotics while others may have not enough access to these drugs", warned the World Health Organization in a press release.

This document provides an introduction to the abundance of multiday messages and material for each day of WAAW and provides guidance on ways to promote and participate in 2018 World Antibiotic Awareness Week.

"The reasons for rising antibiotic resistance include overprescribing, misuse by patients who don't follow the advice of healthcare professionals, overuse in farming, poor infection control, and a lack of new antibiotics".

The resistant bacteria which infect humans and animals become more hard to treat than the non-resistant ones.

Doctors are seeing more and more patients with infections that can't be treated - even with drugs of last resort - as bacteria learn to overcome antibiotics. Antibiotics for therapeutic uses in animals are classed by MPI as restricted veterinary medicines and need a veterinary prescription before use.

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In Europe, which provided the most complete data for the report, the average antibiotic consumption was almost 18 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day.

The only way to preserve antibiotics is to use them only when needed.

More than three quarters (76%) of those surveyed say they are aware that antibiotic-resistant infections make medical procedures like surgery, organ transplants and cancer treatment much more risky.

WHO acknowledged the picture of how antibiotics are used around the world remains far from complete. "The idea there is to use our antibiotics more wisely, so that we can sustain the life of the antibiotics that we have available to us to use", said Smith. The unregulated sales of antibiotic contribute to the overuse and misuse of these medicines.

Since 2016, the United Nations agency has been supporting data collection in 57 low- and middle-income countries in a bid to set up a standardised system for monitoring antibiotic use.

Only 21 percent of those surveyed say that no action is needed from the federal government on antibiotic research and development at this time.

'By working with partners throughout New Zealand and around the world, we're making sure New Zealand is well placed to address antibiotic resistance, ' says Dr McElnay.

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