The study unveils that the number of adults with the disease worldwide is expected the rise by over a fifth, from 406 million in 2018 to 511 million in 2030, and India along with China and the U.S. will share over half of these high blood sugar cases.
"These estimates suggest that current levels of insulin access are highly inadequate compared to the projected need, particularly in Africa and Asia, and more efforts should be devoted to overcoming this looming health challenge".
Editor's note: Eating a healthy diet low in carbohydrate, sugar and processed food can help to lower blood glucose levels, and people with type 2 diabetes have been able to put the condition into remission, coming off all their diabetes medication, by following a healthy eating plan. If universal global access was achieved, 79 million people would be given insulin.
Researchers have warned that better access to insulin needs to be ensured, especially in the African, Asian and Oceania regions, which they predict will be the most affected.
The figures were presented in a study published on Wednesday in the journal Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology.
India had 69.2 million people living with diabetes in 2015 says a report of the World Health Organization
Right now, three major manufacturers dominate the insulin market, and the treatment is expensive.
The limited production of insulin affects Africa and Asia, in spite of UN's high commitment to treat this non-communicable disease.
As a result, the amount of insulin needed to effectively treat Type-2 diabetes will rise by more than 20 per cent worldwide over the next 12 years. Insulin use is estimated to increase from 516·1 million 1000 IU vials per year in 2018 to 633·7 million per year in 2030, says the study. The quantity of grown-ups with type 2 diabetes is estimated to surge throughout the following 12 years because of urbanization, development, and related changes in eating routine and physical activities.
In 2016 an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association reported that the drug's price nearly tripled between 2002 and 2013.
"Unless governments begin initiatives to make insulin available and affordable, then its use is always going to be far from optimal", said Basu. The authors caution that unless governments intervene to make insulin more accessible and affordable, a huge number of people could risk not having access to life-saving treatment in the future.
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