Based on the findings of the ECDC Dublin Declaration report on the continuum in 2015, ECDC now monitors a four-stage continuum that is directly relevant in the European region.
Rates of newly diagnosed HIV infections for 2017 varied significantly among countries in the WHO European Region, with the highest rates per 100 000 population observed in the Russian Federation (71.1), Ukraine (37.0), Belarus (26.1) and the Republic of Moldova (20.6).
"It is an important signal for Europe's HIV response that we see a decline in new HIV diagnoses in the EU/EEA".
The government also aspires to support people living with HIV empowerment by creating an enabling environment and adopting an integrated multi-sectoral approach to address the socio-economic determinants responsible for the spread of HIV in the country.
Since the beginning of the Aids epidemic in the eighties have been infected worldwide, more than 77 million people living with HIV.
Rates were highest in Russian Federation, where 71 new cases were diagnosed per 100,000 people in 2017, followed by Ukraine and Belarus.
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The increase in new HIV diagnoses continued for the WHO European Region as a whole, but its pace was slower than in previous years.
"In the East, particularly in Russian Federation, the shift away from progressive policies towards socially conservative legislation is a barrier to implementing HIV prevention and treatment". In Western and Eastern Europe, nearly 160,000 people were together in 2017, a new HIV diagnosis.
The WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has targeted "90-90-90 target by 2020" which means 90 percent of HIV positive people being diagnosed and 90 percent people to be provided with antiretroviral therapy and 90 percent of those treated achieve viral suppression. The predominant modes of transmission in these countries were heterosexual transmission and transmission through injecting drug use.
He said that public awareness was essential on HIV/AIDS testing, prevention and treatment. Dr. Anton Pozniak, president of the International AIDS Society also called for removal of the stigma around HIV AIDS.
Federal Minister National Health Services Aamer Mehmood Kiani said that government was committed to making honest efforts for increasing the access to and uptake of HIV preventive and treatment services by engaging with all stakeholders to promote HIV awareness and minimise stigma and discrimination against the disease. There are AIDS masses being held in some churches, club events, film screenings and lots more fundraising activities to attend. This is the largest number of HIV diagnoses, which was ever pronounced in the Region.
"HIV starts off (in) key populations - meaning drug users, commercial sex workers and men having sex with men - but after that it (increases) exponentially. if there is no more intervention", Dara told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.