Murray and 31-year-old Fognini have clashed against each other seven times so far in their respective careers.
Here, Press Association Sport picks out five of the best.
Federer beat Marin Cilic to win the Australian Open for the sixth time - claiming his 20th major crown - and successfully defend the title he won the previous year in a career comeback of sorts. For the British, Murray is more than an athlete; he is a symbol.
Childhood friend Rafael Nadal said: "We shared court in the most important stadiums in the world, competing for the most important things". He now ranks fourth on the Association of Tennis Professionals' all-time earnings list, trailing only Novak Djokovic ($125.8 million), Roger Federer ($120.5 million) and Rafael Nadal ($103 million). To stand out in this set requires skill, determination and passion that's not easily apparent in his straight-faced demeanor. "He, as former coach Darren Cahill put it, "emptied the bucket to be as good as he could be", and was "(with) remarkable discipline for training, competition, sacrifice, perfection, a little insane, but a legend of a bloke".
Even after having undergone surgery, his hip injury has continued to plague him to this day, and has been a major factor in his decision to retire. It would be nice to be able to do them without any pain: putting shoes on, socks on, thinks like that.
This article was originally published by CBS News on January 11. You can see it, it's quite obvious when you see her on the court, how she moves. "It is beauty masking strain and attrition". No sport should be the preserve of the one gender, and Murray has always been quick to correct any journalist who implies otherwise.
Andrew, a former United Kingdom number 1, asked Mr Maclagan whether he expected the announcement from Mr Murray: "I thought he might get through this year, but clearly it's a lot worse than I thought".
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In March 1996, he was a pupil at Dunblane Primary School when gunman Thomas Hamilton killed 16 pupils and a teacher in the school's gymnasium.
"I know that will be hard".
"He has spoken up for women's issues and women's rights, especially in tennis, for forever".
"Have I become a feminist?" he wrote in a blog in June for French newspaper L'Equipe.
BBC presenter John Inverdale was accused of sexism after he congratulated Murray on becoming the "first person" to win two Olympic tennis golds, following his victory at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio. "I said to my team, 'Look, I think I can kind of get through this until Wimbledon.' That was where I'd like to stop playing".
According to The Telegraph, a strongly worded email was sent out by player council member Vasek Pospisil to the players ranked between 50 and 100, which calls for the workforce to "start acting and running like a business not like a bunch of scared kids ... we need a CEO that first and foremost represents OUR interests". Your voice for equality will inspire future generations.
Serene Williams, one of the leading ladies in Tennis, will also look to strengthen her game on the court and pull herself out of the controversies that sparked during the US Open final.