U.S. President Donald Trump has called for the creation of "more, and fairer" social media companies in response to discrimination he alleges he has faced as a Republican from Twitter Inc.
In a statement, Facebook said breaking up a successful company won't enforce accountability, and instead repeated calls for new regulations, which Zuckerberg argued for in his own opinion piece in the Washington Post in March.
Hughes served as a spokesman for Facebook in its early days and left in 2007 to volunteer for Barack Obama's presidential campaign. Her proposal, released in March, is supported by Senator Amy Klobuchar, another Democratic presidential candidate, who said the USA has "a major monopoly problem".
According to the entrepreneur, Mark Zuckerberg's personal power in the company is "staggering", with the board of directors working "more like an advisory committee than an overseer" due to Zuckerberg's control of an estimated 60 per cent voting shares. His article, titled "It's time to break up Facebook", appeared in The New York Times' Opinion section on Thursday. "The Instagram acquisition guaranteed Facebook would preserve its dominance in photo networking, and WhatsApp gave it a new entry into mobile real-time messaging".
A co-founder of Facebook has called for the government to break-up the company, warning that Mark Zuckerberg's power is "unprecedented and un-American".
The answer and solution lies in more government regulation and subsequent market competition, Hughes says. "We need a new agency, empowered by Congress to regulate tech companies", he said.
"Mark alone can decide how to configure Facebook's algorithms to determine what people see in their News Feeds, what privacy settings they can use and even which messages get delivered".
Hughes co-founded Facebook in 2004 at Harvard with the company's Chief Executive Officer Zuckerberg and Dustin Moskovitz.
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The hearing will probe the Cambridge Analytical scandal that saw data from as many as 87 million Facebook users improperly shared with the IT company.
He also said he worries that the people around Zuckerberg always agree with him and never question his ideas. "But I'm angry that his focus on growth led him to sacrifice security and civility for clicks", Hughes said. "There is no precedent for his ability to monitor, organize and even censor the conversations of two billion people", Hughes wrote.
"It's been 15 years since I co-founded Facebook at Harvard, and I haven't worked at the company in a decade".
Hughes also proposed a new government agency to protect privacy.
Facebook has been under scrutiny from regulators around the world over data sharing practices as well as hate speech and misinformation on its networks. He's now urging United States regulators to reverse the decisions, and force Facebook to spin off the two properties into their own distinct companies. Any day now, the Federal Trade Commission is expected to impose a $5 billion fine on the company, but that is not enough; nor is Facebook's offer to appoint some kind of privacy czar. The apparent avalanche of disasters hasn't dented Facebook's finances; its earnings per share increased 40% past year, despite a torrent of public failures.
Near the end of the op-ed, Hughes took admitted that it "took the 2016 election fallout and Cambridge Analytica to awaken me to the dangers of Facebook's monopoly" and argued that "Zuckerberg cannot fix Facebook, but our government can".