IM Pei, Chinese-born Architectural Titan, Has Died Aged 102

I.M. Pei, renowned architect who left his mark on Denver, dies at 102

I.M. Pei, architect who designed Cleveland’s Rock Hall, dies at 102

Other well-known and characteristic Pei projects - often graceful combinations of geometric planes - include the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in Cleveland, Ohio; the Miho Museum of Shigo in Japan; the Morton Meyerson Symphony Center in Dallas and The John F. Kennedy Library in Boston. That same year, United States president George Bush awarded Pei the Medal of Freedom and he was also elected an Honorary Academician of the Royal Academy of Arts in London.

Pei was born on April 26, 1917, in Guangzhou, China, as Ieoh Ming Pei.

Pei also designed the Mile High Center, otherwise known as 1700 Broadway.

In the late 1960s, he completed the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado, the Everson Museum of Art in NY and the Des Moines Art Center in Iowa, before working on the Louvre, the National Gallery of Art and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. His Sundrome of New York's JFK International Airport was pulled down in 2011, and Hong Kong's Sunning Plaza was demolished in 2013.

"The diagonal cuts that generate the prism create a sequence of atrium spaces that flood the tower with natural light", says the website of Pei Cobb Freed and Partners, the firm from which Pei retired in 1990.

A flurry of lawsuits followed among the John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co., the glass manufacturer, and Pei's firm.

Pei worked designing buildings across the country and taking his own commissions, including the Luce Memorial Chapel in Taiwan and the Green Earth Sciences building at MIT until 1960, when he launched his own independent firm, I.M. Pei and Associates. The claims were settled, but the building opened in 1976 four years late and nearly double the original cost estimate.

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Problems with the elaborate network of rods and spherical nodes that roof the Jacob Javits Convention Center in NY for a time brought waves of angry publicity as construction ground to a halt.

Interior of the "Great Space" at Collins Place by Pei and Partners and Bates Smart and McCutcheon.

People reflected in glass pyramids outside the National Gallery of Art in Washington June 6, 2012. They honored French history.

Opened to the public in 1989, the giant structure essentially provided a new entrance for the growing number of visitors.

His talents seemed best-suited to large-scale buildings of civic significance.

Pei seldom explained the ideas behind his architectural designs, and yet he always insisted with his designs.

While the Fragrant Hill, or "Xiangshan", hotel is widely considered one of Pei's less successful works, he adapted the same concepts to the much-loved Suzhou Museum, situated in his family's southeastern ancestral home. Displaying a 2,500-year legacy of art and including some extraordinary Chinese gardens, the museum was completed in 2006 in the city where Pei's ancestors had lived for more than 600 years. Besides sons Chien Chung Pei and Li Chung Pei, he is survived by a daughter, Liane. His wife Eileen Loo Pei died in 2014 and their oldest son T'ing Chung Pei died in 2003 at the age of 57.

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